Updates in multiple myeloma (MM): Determining next steps forward in the face of relapse
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Activity Description / Statement of Need:
In this online, self-learning activity:
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy of the lymphocytes, and while the true cause is unknown, associated factors are thought to include: radiation, genetics, viral infections, and the human immunodeficiency virus. Myeloma is most common of the hematologic malignancies after non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with an incidence of over 34,000 and an annual mortality rate of over 12,000. The peak incidence age of MM is at about 70 years of age, and the disease occurs twice as commonly in African Americans as it does in whites.
Goals of care in MM are prolonging survival rates and improving quality of life, and treatment begins with induction and post-induction therapy, followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplant or maintenance therapy in patients ineligible for transplant. Relapse is indicated by any of several clinical signs, including new soft tissue plasmacytomas, hypercalcemia, renal insufficiency, anemia, new bone lesions, or hyperviscosity related to serum paraprotein.
Hematologists and oncologists; physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and pharmacists who practice in oncology; and any other healthcare professionals with an interest in or who clinically encounter patients with RRMM.