Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Optimizing pharmacotherapeutic management strategies
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According to the CDC, there are more than 1.1 million people aged thirteen and older living with HIV (PLWH). Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic in the 1980s, advances in public health initiatives and treatments have considerably lengthened the life expectancy of PLWH, and as they have begun to live longer, the number of patients with chronic HIV infection has greatly increased. What was once acute inpatient care of the dying has become outpatient chronic disease management with an emphasis on a long-term balancing act that involves the consideration of comorbidities, drug interactions, and adverse drug events in an aging HIV population.
Projections suggest that there may soon be a shortage of HIV providers. To avoid the imminent shortfall of HIV specialists, PCPs to manage HIV infection, comorbidities, and sequelae is critical to meeting the demand for HIV care. The quality of HIV care experienced PCPs provide is substantially similar to that of infectious disease specialists, but research shows that nearly 40% of PCPs and residents do not feel comfortable providing comprehensive services for PLWH in all disease stages.
HCPs specializing in: Infectious diseases, HIV, and internal medicine; physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and pharmacists who practice in infectious disease; and any other healthcare professionals with an interest in or who clinically encounter patients with HIV.
By the end of the session the participant will be able to:
- Discuss highlights and changes within the most current HIV treatment guidelines, including the roles of fixed-dose combinations, single-tablet regimens, and once-daily treatment options.
- Evaluate a treatment plan and suggest modifications for improvement, taking the following into account: patient preference, adherence, pill burden, comorbidity level, and drug-drug interactions.
- Develop a treatment plan that optimizes safety and efficacy using patient cases.
- Describe the challenges and barriers to care associated with treating patients with HIV.